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Facial skin pigmentation

Facial skin pigmentation.
Pigmentation on the face (or otherwise known as hyperpigmentation) is an unpleasant phenomenon that can affect people of all skin types, especially during the sunny season. Let's clarify what it is, why does it appear and how to get rid of facial skin hyperpigmentation.
Dermatologists distinguish two main types of pigmentation spots: congenital (these are well known freckles) and acquired, which is hyperpigmentation, which can appear due to certain external factors.
Causes of facial hyperpigmentation.
Main factors that may cause hyperpigmentation are:
1. Hormonal changes / disorders in the body (due to pregnancy or age).
2. Sun (UV-radiation) exposure.
3. Genetic heredity.
4. Vitamins and microelements disbalance in the body.
5. Stress. 6. Digestive system disorders.
7. Liver diseases.
8. Improper use of certain types of cosmetic products or certain treatments may cause hyperpigmentation (for example, photoepilation).
9. Use of photosensitizing drugs or hormonal medications, including oral contraceptives, as well as anti-epileptic drugs.
10. Consumption of excessive products that stimulate the production of melanin (tea, coffee).
If we analyze above factors, it becomes clear that most often hyperpigmentation is a direct result of hormones disorder in the body, while excessive sun exposure is the catalyst for this process. That is, all pigmentation spots have one thing in common: they are sensitive to the sunlight. Therefore, hyperpigmentation: melasma (or chloasma) is most often seen in pregnant women and the elderly people. It should also be noted that a major role in the process of skin hyperpigmentation is played by an oxygen deprivation in body cells, leading to disruption in normal melanin synthesis, and, consequently, to the appearance of melasma or sun spots. In 95% of cases, hyperpigmentation spots appear on areas exposed to the sun, like the hands and face.